Japanese Encephalitis Vaccination

Japanese Encephalitis Virus (JEV) is a disease which is spread to humans only through the bites of infected mosquitos. It cannot be transmitted from person to person.

Symptoms & complications of Japanese Encephalitis

The symptoms of JEV are largely asymptomatic – that is, most people will experience very minor to no symptoms.

Some people may experience:

In rare and more serious cases people can experience

Who is at risk of Japanese Encephalitis?

Vaccination against JEV is recommended for the following groups:

How is Japanese Encephalitis treated?

Currently, there are no treatments to JEV – only rest, fluid intake and symptomatic treatment, such as paracetamol for fever.

How can I protect myself from Japanese Encephalitis?

There are two ways to prevent Japanese Encephalitis – the first is vaccination and the second is reducing the risk of mosquito bites.

The greatest risk of mosquito bites occurs in places with large bodies of relatively stagnant water, such as lakes, creeks, rives and dams. The risk of JEV transmission is also increased where infected animals such as water birds and pigs are present.

There are a lot of simple ways to help prevent being bitten by infected mosquitos:

Who can get vaccinated at National Pharmacies?

The following outlines the following age ranges who can receive the JEV vaccine by a Pharmacist in each state:

In South Australia – people 5 years and older

In Victoria – people 5 years and older

In New South Wales – people 5 years and older

Currently there are two vaccinations for JEV available in Australia:

As Imojev is a live vaccine, people who are pregnant cannot receive this vaccine. It is also not advised for people who are breastfeeding due to insufficient data in whether it crosses into breastmilk.

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccination Pricing: Members from $134.90 per dose, Retail Price from $153.20 per dose.

References:

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) Protecting yourself from JEV. (n.d.). Available at: https://www.health.gov.au/sites/default/files/2022-12/japanese-encephalitis-virus-protecting-australians-from-jev.pdf.

Department for Health and Wellbeing Vaccine Administration Code April 2023 V 2.0. (n.d.). Available at: https://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/ea1c9b0040741be0959db7a05d853418/CDCB_VaccineAdministrationCode_April2023_V4.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&amp [Accessed 2 Jul. 2023].

Department of Health. Victoria, A. (n.d.). Pharmacist immunisers. [online] www.health.vic.gov.au. Available at: https://www.health.vic.gov.au/immunisation/Pharmacist-immunisers#japanese-encephalitis-vaccination [Accessed 2 Jul. 2023].

ACT Legislation Register. (n.d.). Medicines, Poisons and Therapeutic Goods (Vaccinations by Pharmacists) Direction 2023 (No 1) | Disallowable instruments. [online] Available at: https://legislation.act.gov.au/di/2023-20/ [Accessed 2 Jul. 2023].

Medicines and Poisons Act 2019. (n.d.). Available at: https://www.health.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0027/1108944/epa-Pharmacists.pdf.

Government, N.T. (2022). Pharmacist vaccinations. [online] health.nt.gov.au. Available at: https://health.nt.gov.au/professionals/medicines-and-poisons-control2/Pharmacist-vaccinations [Accessed 2 Jul. 2023].

www.health.wa.gov.au. (n.d.). Administering vaccines. [online] Available at: https://www.health.wa.gov.au/Articles/U_Z/Vaccines [Accessed 2 Jul. 2023].

Nsw.gov.au. (2019). NSW Pharmacist vaccination program – Immunisation Programs. [online] Available at: https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/immunisation/Pages/Pharmacist-vaccination-expansion.aspx.

Tasmanian Immunisation Program Guidelines. (2023). Available at: https://www.health.tas.gov.au/sites/default/files/2023-03/Tasmanian_Immunisation_Program_Guidelines_24%20March%202023_V2.1_FINAL.pdf [Accessed 2 Jul. 2023].

The Australian Immunisation Handbook. (n.d.). Japanese encephalitis. [online] Available at: https://immunisationhandbook.health.gov.au/contents/vaccine-preventable-diseases/japanese-encephalitis.

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